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Contribution to polio

 

 
  1. AFP surveillance among suspected cases below 15 years of age

Polio laboratory of microbiology division has been included in Global Polio Network as National Polio laboratory for South East Asia region since November, 2009.  The laboratory has been recently accreditted by passing prolificacy test for isolation of polio viruses from stool specimens of suspected AFP cases followed by typing and intratypic characterization i.e. Wild/Sabin polio type I and type III virus including Vaccine Derived Polio Virus (VDPV) if any.

The lab is catering services to Delhi State and four districts of U.P. namely Bhagpat, Saharanpur, Meerut and Muzzafarnagar.  Data so generated is being reported weekly to National Polio Surveillance Programme (NPSP) for the action to be taken for eradication of wild polio virus from India.

Polio affected child
 
    1. Supplementary Surveillance

India is on the verge of eradication of polio virus.  During 2010, only 39 cases of wild polio virus have been reported from U.P. and Bihar.  No case of wild polio virus has been reported for the last six months.  Supplementary surveillance i.e. isolation of polio virus from healthy children below 15 years of age, contact of AFP cases and from sewage will provide extra information for the presence of any wild polio virus circulating in the environment.

Polio lab of NCDC has been selected by NPSP to carry out supplementary surveillance by collecting the sewage samples from seven identified sites on weekly basis.  Data so generated will help the programme in the implementation  of Sub-Natiobnal Immunization Days (SNID’S) using monovalent/ bivalent polio vaccine among population at risk for early eradication of this deadful disease from the country.

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